These orchids withstand temperatures close to 10-15°C, and need filtered light, not excessive, throughout the year: the ideal position is near a screened window with light tissue. In summer they can be placed outside, in a fairly ventilated place, well protected from direct sunlight.
The Epigenium are quite resistant and can withstand even the hot summer temperatures, being careful not to place them in direct sunlight, which can quickly cause burns on the leaves.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
To obtain good specimens of Epigenium, water regularly throughout the whole year, letting the substratum dry between one watering and the other, and avoiding waterlogging. Every 3-4 days vaporize the leaves with demineralized water, especially when the domestic heating is working and during prolonged periods of drought and on particularly hot days, so as to provide the plant with the right degree of humidity, a fundamental factor for its well-being.
Since they are often grown on rafts or a piece of bark, it is essential to vaporize the exposed roots with great regularity and need to maintain the correct humidity.
These orchids need a good substrate for orchids, which allows the excess water to flow quickly, but at the same time is able to retain a little moisture. being epiphytic plants need a suitable substrate, which ensures the correct support. An ideal soil is prepared by mixing well-shredded, non-resinous bark, vegetable fibre and sphagnum to form an incoherent and light mixture. These orchids are very suitable for hanging baskets, from which the inflorescences will fall in a very pleasant way.
The reproduction of these plants can take place by seed; at the end of flowering it is also possible to divide the heads that form with the passing of the years. It is advisable to keep at least a couple of well-developed roots for each portion of the plant to be placed immediately on a substrate suitable for adult orchids.
Epigenium: Parasites and diseases
Pay close attention to mites and cochineal. Mites, such as the red spider mite, can be easily removed by increasing water vaporization and the resulting environmental humidity. For the cochineals it is possible to intervene with the use of a cloth with alcohol to pass on the leaves to remove the parasites.