Place the orchids of this genus in a very bright place, but far from the direct rays of the sun, which, especially on the hottest days, can quickly cause burns on the leaves; they fear the cold and in winter are to be kept in a house or in a temperate greenhouse, with a minimum temperature close to 10-15°C.
In summer it is best to shade the plant, to prevent excessive heat from damaging the leaves.
The minimum temperature should never fall below 5 °C in order to prevent the plant from showing problems and signs of suffering.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
The growing substrate should be kept constantly moist, but not soaked with water; water regularly, letting it dry slightly between one watering and the other to avoid the formation of water stagnations. In order to increase the ambient humidity, very important factor for the well-being of the orchids Elleanthus, it is good to vaporize often, with water without limestone, the leaves of the plant which, not having pseudobulbs, is unlikely to be able to withstand even short periods of drought.
The epiphytic species are to be cultivated in a generic substratum for orchids, formed by sphagnum, crushed bark and vegetal fibres; for the terricolous species, we suggest to add to the mixture previously indicated some composting soil. If we want to cultivate the elleanhus at home, it is good to place them in a fairly ample container, as the fleshy roots tend to develop very much, even if it is not to be too big, as the orchids tend to develop better in medium sized containers.
It will be necessary to repot them often, at least every couple of years, so as to replace the substratum with a more fertile one and replacing the pot with a more suitable one.
The multiplication of these orchids usually happens by division of the tufts; the new plants thus obtained are to be repotted immediately in a single container, using the same substratum indicated for the adult orchids, which will vary depending on whether the orchid is epiphytic or terrestrial.
Elleanthus: Pests and diseases
Be careful of mites and cochineal, which can get on the leaves and cause damage to the plant. It is a good idea to intervene immediately, eliminating parasites with a manual intervention, using a cotton ball with alcohol. These orchids may also have root rot, resulting from an inadequate substrate that does not allow proper drainage, or from an excess of watering.