These orchids should be kept in place with a soft light, away from direct sunlight, especially during the summer months, as they can quickly develop leaf burns. These orchids fear the cold, therefore in winter they are to be kept in the house or in a temperate greenhouse, taking care to find a place with a good air exchange.
They need a damp and cool environment, as the ideal temperatures are around 18 °C during the day and 12 °C at night. Temperatures above 25 °C can cause suffering to this variety; in this case it is necessary to proceed with frequent vaporization of water to lower the temperature and increase the ambient humidity, a fundamental factor for the well-being of plants of this type.
They love environments with good air circulation.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru.
They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
These orchids are native to the rainforests of Central America, where the climate is always very humid, so provide regular watering throughout the year, remembering to avoid water stagnation and often vaporize the leaves, to increase the humidity environment, mainly when temperatures are high, in this case it is necessary to proceed to more frequent water supplies, always checking that there are no stagnations in the ground, a factor that would compromise the health of the orchids.
To plant these plants use an orchid compost, consisting of sphagnum peat, plant fibres and chopped bark, to which you can also add other light inconsistent materials, such as small pieces of polystyrene. The soil species need a rich and loose soil, mixed with little humus.
The reproduction of this type of orchid takes place by division of the heads, taking care to maintain a vigorous root in each portion practiced; the new plants thus obtained are immediately repotted individually, using the substrate suitable for adult plants.
Dracula: Pests and diseases
Pay attention to cochineal and aphids. Conditions of excessive soil moisture, with recurrent water stagnation, can promote the development of root rot.
To eliminate the parasites it is possible to use a cloth or a cotton ball with alcohol to pass on the leaves.