The phoenix are plants belonging to the genus of the palms that have seventeen different species. They have a great ornamental value and all come from East Asia. They have long, pinnate and persistent leaves, provided with a robust petiole, wider at the point of intersection on the stem. They have male and female flowers on different plants: for the production of the fruits, individuals of the two sexes must be planted close together.
The flowers are small, grouped in hanging inflorescences that bloom in spring. These are plants that have a good resistance to cold but still prefer average temperatures and mild climates. They can reach a maximum height of 10 metres. These palms are excellent for embellishing gardens and avenues as they give the environment a tropical appearance.
A variety of palm worthy of attention is the phoenix roebelinii. It is a palm native to Asia that can reach one or two meters in height. It has an almost non-existent stem and dark green leaves, about 60 cm long, formed by numerous narrow leaves with hanging habit. It also produces flowers, even if not particularly ornamental. It adapts to the climate of the apartment with ease as it prefers mild climates.
It does not tolerate temperatures below 10 degrees; avoid exposure to cold currents or temperature changes.
The date palm of the Canary Islands or Phoenix canariensis requires a lot of light throughout the year, but not the direct rays of the sun, which can cause the yellowing of the leaves. In winter, the temperature should never be below 10-12 degrees Celsius. If you want to grow the plant in the garden, in areas where the winters are harsher, it will be necessary to protect it with cloths or mats or choose a position of the garden where the wind is not particularly intense.
If the Phoenix canariensis is in a heated apartment, it must be guaranteed sufficient humidity. From May to September, the period of greatest vegetative activity, watering will be abundant and regular. During the winter months they should be very moderate.
Sowing takes place between March and May, in a mixture of soil and sand in a ratio of three to one, keeping everything moist at a temperature of 21 – 24 degrees Celsius. Germination takes place within two months and the shoots can be transplanted after six to eight months or in May the rooted suckers are removed and potted.
The ideal soil for the canariensis phoenix is rather soft, does not have to be particularly moist and well supplied with humus. Optimum growth also occurs in woodland or in soil. As for repotting, these plants are repotted every two or three years, preferably in April. In the years when repotting is not carried out, a diluted liquid fertilizer is administered, every fortnight from May to September to be administered with irrigation water.
The date palm of the Canary Islands is a sucker plant and all suckers are removed to maintain its shape. After the leaves have dried out, the suckers are cut off at the base.
Date palm of the Canary Islands – Phoenix canariensis: Parasites and diseases
Date palms in the Canary Islands are often attacked by brown mealybugs and floury mealybugs.
- The date palm, also known as Phoenix dactylifera, is native to the North African regions. Ess
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- It is a large evergreen plant, native to the Canary Islands, for centuries these palms are harvested
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