To the genus codiaeum belong some species of evergreen shrubs, originating in Asia; the croton is a shrub of small or medium size, originating in the Pacific Islands. It has a large foliage, visibly varied in various colors including yellow, orange, red or pink, there are many varieties of this plant, with leaves of various sizes, oval or elongated, even lobed.
The Codiaeum variegatum is a species much appreciated for its decorative foliage, in summer it produces also small flowers, united in long curved panicles of great ornamental impact. The specimens of the species reach the 90-100 cm of height, however, there are dwarf varieties, with small leaves, which keep within the 30-40 cm.
The Codiaeum variegatum prefer the luminous positions, but do not love the direct rays of the sun; furthermore, avoid placing the plants in a place subject to currents, blows of air or to sudden changes of temperature; in winter these plants are cultivated in the house, with minimum temperatures over the 15°C.
For what the irrigations are concerned, water regularly the small plants, avoiding water stagnations, the soil must be kept slightly humid; every 20-25 days, add some fertilizer for green plants to the water of the watering, in half of the dosage suggested on the package. In a very dry climate, often vaporize the canopy with demineralized water. Crotons prefer very well drained soils, rich in organic matter and soft; every 2-3 years repot the plants, possibly in spring.
- The life of the flowers can be “extended”, so to speak, thanks to the use of drying techniques, which allow the conservation of plants and flowers for a long period of time. The beauty …
- The alpinia zerumbet or purpurata is an evergreen tropical plant, native to Central and South America and Asia. It forms a dense and compact head of elongated, pointed, very-green leaves.
- The Musa ornata is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Asia; it is the only species of banana that blooms and bears fruit even if grown indoors. The thick stem, erect, is yellow-green in color, and has a…
- The Aphelandra squarrosa or Afelandra is an evergreen shrub native to Central and South America, which in nature reaches 2-3 m in height, and in container is maintained in a size close to that of the plant.
The multiplication of the croton is done by cutting, in spring or at the end of the summer season. Reproduction by cutting takes place by taking part of the branch of the original plant. It must be about 10 cm long and have at least 5-6 leaves. To cut the branch it is advisable to use clean and well sharpened working tools to avoid fraying. Once the cut has been made, it is necessary to clean the secretions of the plant with powdered charcoal.
The cut branch will then be placed in a container with peat and sand. To ensure perfect growth, cover the pot or container where we placed the sprig with transparent plastic and place it in a sheltered place and in the shade. After about 30 days, you will be able to see the first shoots of the plant.
Croton – Codiaeum variegatum: Parasites
The codiaeum variegatum can be attacked by parasites and diseases. Let’s see together what are the most common causes of the weakening of the plant. The croton plant can suffer from an excessively dry climate, a sudden change in temperature or exposure to airstroke can cause the leaves to fall; crotons are often attacked by aphids, mites and cochineal.
Our plant can lose its beautiful streaks if placed in poorly lit places.
When the leaves appear burnt or particularly dry it means that they have been exposed for too many hours to the sun and direct sunlight. Move the plant to a more suitable and sheltered place.
Watch the Video