Grown in an apartment, it is a predominantly decorative plant, which maintains its small size, not exceeding two meters in height and that usually does not flower. In the specimens in pots you can see the large walnut from which the plant starts, which consists of a stem with long green leaves, finned and shiny.
It is a plant of the Palmae family that includes more than 2000 different species.
The Cocos nucifera, in nature, has a canopy that can reach 10 meters wide, with a trunk usually curved, in apartment plants is underdeveloped, with a color tending to gray with a smooth surface.
The Cocos nucifera are plants that like very bright and sunny positions, possibly near a window; in spring and summer you can take the plant outside, taking care to shade it on hot days to avoid direct sunlight can cause burns to the foliage. They are plants that love a good exchange of air, but very sensitive to temperature changes, so you must be careful where to place the plant, to prevent drafts of cold air can damage them irreparably.
The temperatures for the cultivation of this palm are around 20 ° C and should not fall below 15 ° C to prevent them from showing signs of suffering.
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The palms of cocos nucifera can safely withstand a few days of drought, but prefer moist soils, it is therefore appropriate to water it frequently, waiting for the soil to dry slightly between one watering and the other, but taking care to check that it does not dry completely.
To prevent the soil from drying out quickly, especially during the hottest period, it might be useful to use mulch material to be placed at the base of the plant, so that it helps to maintain the right moisture in the soil. When the temperatures are high, then, it is better to intervene with nebulisations of water on the leaves, better if using water without limestone.
It is recommended to provide fertilizer for green plants with water of watering every 15-20 days in the months from April to October, during the rest of the year you can decrease the administration.
In order to get a new specimen of this type of palm, it is necessary to get a coconut still complete, that is, still wrapped in the semi-woody rind which is usually removed for consuming these fruits; the nut is to be buried for half or a third of its volume in a very well drained soil, containing a good percentage of sand and of coarse material. We suggest to buy the already sprouted coconut, as usually the nuts on the market are not intact and therefore are by now sterile.
The ideal temperature for rooting the plant should be around 26/28 ° C, so the best time to do this is in summer. The soil must be kept constantly moist and the presence of new shoots should be seen after about 3 months. It is essential to place the plant in a protected environment with constant temperature, with the help of special lamps to maintain the ideal temperature.
Plants of this type are to be planted in soils which are light, soft and with a good degree of drainage, as the plant needs a good degree of humidity but does not stand persistent water stagnations, which could cause dangerous rottenness. The palm does not like calcareous soils, but prefers those with a good percentage of peat.
Due to the rather rapid growth, it is good to intervene with the repotting every year, in the spring period, using a compound formed by peat, sand, mould, lapilli or crushed stone and humus.
Coconut – Cocos nucifera: Parasites and diseases
Coconuts are hardly affected by pests or diseases, except for cochineal, but in rare cases. Rather, these plants are sensitive to incorrect watering, both to those excessive and to those scarce, so it is appropriate to adjust depending on the season, temperatures and humidity of the air.
They can also be affected by the red spider mite, but, as for the cochineal, they are not particularly affected by their presence, even if, in order to avoid that these parasites can spread to other plants present in the house, it is good to intervene with special specific products which will eradicate the problem. To eliminate the red spiders, it is also possible to intervene simply by increasing the quantity of humidity with more frequent nebulisations.
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- The coconut palm belongs to the Arecaceae or Palmecee family, to the genus Cocos and to the nucifera species. It is an albe
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