Clusia rosea – Clusia rosea – Indoor plants – Clusia rosea – Apartment

The genus clusia includes about 150 species of shrubs and trees originating from the tropical zones of America; c. rosea in the wild is a small or medium sized tree, whilst the specimens cultivated in pots maintain the size of small shrubs, as they do not exceed the 150-200 cm of height.

They have a wide and well ramified stem, the branches are thick and robust, usually develop with the apices turned upwards; the foliage is evergreen, oval, fairly thick and leathery, each leaf measures about 10-15 cm of length and is of dark green colour, glossy and bright.

During the spring months, they produce big semi-double flowers, which remind big camellias; as soon as blossomed, the flowers are white, they become pinkish with the passing of the days, and emit a pleasant perfume; the flowers are followed by oval, greenish, yellow or orange fruits, which, when ripe, open in several segments, assuming the appearance of big stars, and showing inside the small seeds, covered by a showy red aril.

In the origin zones, these trees are utilized also as ornamental plants and in the urban furnishing, also in zones subject to strong winds. In Europe, they are plants cultivated exclusively in pots, even if they might stand the cultivation in open air, in a place protected from the cold, in the southern zones.

Clausia

Exposure

fiore Clausia During the cold months the clusia rosea should be kept in the apartment, in a bright place, but not directly exposed to sunlight, direct sunlight may dry out the leaves of the clusia rosy. In the warmer months they can be moved outdoors, in a semi-shaded place.

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Watering

clusia rosea The specimens grown in pots need a constantly humid soil, even if it is advisable to avoid excesses, and to diminish the watering during the winter months; in fact the clusias can bear even periods with not ideal humidity conditions, therefore both short periods of drought, and short periods of soil very soaked in water. From March to October it is advisable to provide fertilizer for flowering plants, mixed with the water of watering, every 12-15 days.

Land

these plants need a well soft and loose soil, quite rich of organic matter, well drained; often, in the wild, the specimens of clusia have an epiphytic development, and produce long aerial roots which, only with the passing of the years, tend to develop towards the ground. Usually, a good balanced universal fertilizer is utilized, mixed with a small quantity of soil for orchids, formed by small pieces of bark and other inconsistent material.

Every two to three years it is advisable to repot the clusias, during the spring period.

Multiplication

clusia The reproduction of the clusia rosea takes place by seed, using the seeds extracted from the ripe burps; in spring it is also possible to take some apical cuttings, taking care to choose the branches which will not produce flowers.

Clusia rosea: Parasites and diseases

In case of dry and poorly ventilated climate, they may be attacked by the cochineal; if cultivated in poorly draining soil or with stagnant water, they may be affected by radical rottenness.

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