The Chamaedorea elegans should be planted in a bright place, but not directly exposed to the sun; they can also adapt to adverse conditions, but they cannot stand excessively dark areas or direct sunlight; they fear the cold, therefore they are to be cultivated in the house in winter, even if they can bear occasional periods with temperatures close to zero without too many problems.
The ideal temperature for the best growth of Chamaedorea elegans is around 18 °C.
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Water regularly, always leaving the soil dry between one watering and the other, usually they can bear short periods of drought, while they fear water stagnations and excesses of water, therefore check that the soil in which they are planted allows a good drainage level. Every 3-4 months, add some fertilizer for tropical plants to the water of the watering.
During the periods when the air is very dry, it is advisable to vaporize the leaves of the Chamadorea with distilled water, every 2-3 days.
Cultivate the specimens of this type in soil rich in humus, loose, soft and very well drained; it is possible to use some universal soil, mixed with leaf mould and little sand or lapillus. These palms usually have a rather slow growth, therefore they do not need to be repotted very often. The repotting is to be done during the spring-summer period and it is advisable to be careful not to damage the rooting apparatus.
The multiplication of this type of plant, in nature, takes place by seed; the large seeds take a few months to germinate. Usually, the propagation of the chamaedoreae takes place by detaching the basal shoots from the mother plant, and then by rooting them in pot, with soft and rich soil, which is to be kept quite humid, in order to favour the development of a well ramified rooting apparatus.
For those who want to try the multiplication by seed, it is good to carry it out in the late winter period till the beginning of spring, keeping the container in a luminous zone, but not in the direct sun, till the germination.
Chamadorea – Chamaedorea elegans: Pests and diseases
Excessive watering can lead to root rot; these palms are often affected by cochineal and red spiders. Sometimes the leaves that are a few years old can dry out, it is advisable to remove them at the base, the dried leaf tips may be a symptom of a lack of watering or humidity environment. To eliminate red spiders, it is advisable to increase the ambient humidity with greater nebulisations on the leaves, whilst for the cochineals, it is possible to intervene by directly cleaning the leaves.