The cephalanthera preferably grow in the undergrowth, in the hills or mountains, up to 1400-1600 metres of altitude; therefore, they prefer shady locations, with cool summers; they do not fear the winter cold. They are to be placed in cool places and sheltered from the direct sun rays, especially in the warm period, in order to avoid that the sun rays can cause burns on the leaves.
They can be grown at home even if they prefer open spaces, choosing a sheltered place and not too exposed to sunlight. They grow better in rooms with good ventilation and in winter should not be placed near radiators.
- ORCHIDACEAECEPHALANTHERA ENSIFOLIA Rich.plant high 30 – 60 cm. Elongated rhizome with fibrous roots. Furrowed, foliose stems. Leaves lanceolate, upper thin. Rare ear with white flowers…
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
As far as the water supply is concerned, the Cephalanthera needs regular watering, but with the care to ensure that the soil is not soaked. It is essential to check that the substrate remains moist without the possibility of presenting dangerous water stagnations.
In hot periods it is advisable to intervene by vaporizing water on the foliar apparatus to increase the degree of ambient humidity.
These orchids are generally found in calcareous soils, with the presence of decomposed leaves.
Usually the Cephalanthera orchids prefer the well drained but humid soils, as it usually happens in our woods. A good substrate should be composed of sphagnum and shredded bark, to provide adequate root support and to recreate the conditions in which orchids grow in nature.
It is essential to check that the soil does not allow the formation of water stagnation, which can quickly lead to the onset of dangerous root rot.
To obtain new Cephalanthera orchids it is possible to proceed with the division of the rhizomes in the spring season; these must be planted in a compound suitable for orchids, keeping the new plants in a cool and sheltered place to facilitate the germination process.
Cephalanthera: Parasites and diseases
Orchids of this type can present problems linked to unfavourable environmental conditions or to the attack of parasites that can compromise their beauty, such as the cochineals that are deposited on the leaves; in this case, to eliminate the problem, it may be sufficient to intervene with the use of a cotton ball with alcohol to pass on the leaves to manually eliminate the parasites. Another problem is that of root rot, due to an excess of water in the soil.