The orchids cattleya spicata need to be exposed to very bright places, possibly with a few hours of direct sunlight a day; they fear the cold and need minimum temperatures superior to 12-14°C; it is advisable to keep them in a place where they are not too hot, avoiding prolonged exposures to temperatures superior to 34-35°C. In summer, therefore, it is best to keep the cattleye spicata in a bright place, but sheltered from direct sunlight, well aerated.
These plants suffer from sudden changes in temperature and temperatures that differ significantly between day and night.
Be careful not to expose the orchids in environments subject to air currents and where they can receive direct sunlight only in the coolest hours of the day, especially in summer.
- These orchids have pseudobulbs from which they originate leaves and depending on the number of leaves they generate we can talk about cattleya orchid monofoliata or bifoliata.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
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From March to October, water abundantly, allowing the substrate to dry slightly between one watering and the other; during the cold months, slightly decrease watering. It is important to maintain a proper degree of moisture around the plant; to do this, it is good to place the pot in a saucer in which there are pebbles or expanded clay that allows you to keep the roots not in direct contact with the water. Especially in hot periods, it is advisable to spray the leaves with water.
Every month provide small quantities of universal fertilizer.
The multiplication of orchids cattleya is done by dividing the rhizomes during the period of vegetative rest, which usually runs from October to April. The rhizome is cut into two parts with a sharp knife, each part must be potted and from here will form new shoots. The new shoots are grown for a year, then they detach themselves from the old rhizomes and repot themselves.
It’s good to intervene with the division of 3 or 4 rhizomes together, rather than proceeding with just one.
It is also possible to reproduce orchid plants by sowing, even if this operation is much more complex and often, given the genetic variability, you get plants that are not equal to the mother.
For the planting of this type of plant, use a specific substratum for orchids, consisting of shredded bark and vegetable fibres; it is also possible to cultivate the cattleya on bark or in hanging baskets.
These plants should be repotted when the roots have now occupied the entire pot or no longer find the necessary support, the operation should be done at the beginning of the growing season, when the plant has new roots that have reached at least 4 cm in length. It is essential to pay attention not to force to extract the roots, as they break easily. If they are compressed in the pot, wet with water at room temperature or cut the pot.
Cattleya Orchids – Cattleya spicata: Parasites and diseases
These plants are subject to several problems, which can be caused by adverse environmental conditions, nutritional deficiencies or incorrect watering. If they do not flower, it may be that they do not have a sufficient amount of light, if the flowers fall, it may be due to the lack of water, while if the leaves fall, this is due to an excess of watering.
Orchids can also be affected by aphids, cochineals and red spiders, which must be countered promptly. For the cochineals it is possible to intervene manually with a cloth with alcohol to pass on the leaves to eliminate them. Aphids are contrasted with special insecticide products, while for red spiders it is possible to increase the vaporization of water on the leaves.
These plants can also be affected by fungal diseases, very often resulting from excess moisture, which promotes the presence of this problem. In this case it is advisable to act with preventive actions, as it is very difficult to effectively counteract the problem once it occurs.
- Orchids are among the best known flower plants, used and appreciated by all. The first trace of the existence
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