Bromelia plants usually need very bright places, far from the direct rays of the sun, because in the wild they are plants that develop in the undergrowth. In the warm seasons they can be placed outside, in the shade of other plants; in winter, instead, they should be placed inside, because they fear the cold.
The Vriesea splendens are therefore grown as indoor plants and should be placed in an area where they can receive a few hours of sunlight, but not direct sunlight, especially in the hottest hours.
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From March to October, water abundantly the Vriesea splendens, both on the ground and in the cone formed by the rosette of leaves, always keeping the substrate slightly moist but carefully checking that there are no stagnations of water, as this plant does not tolerate them, with the arrival of the cold drastically decrease watering providing water every 20-25 days.
In the growing season provide a balanced fertilizer every 15-20 days with the water of the watering.
The water should not be calcareous, therefore, it is good to use rainwater or demineralized water.
These plants are epiphytic, i.e. they are plants which, usually, live on other plants, therefore they need a particular soil; they can be successfully cultivated in a mixture of universal soil and substratum for orchids or with a compound of soil, peat, sand and bark of pine.
It is essential that the soil in which they are placed is well draining as they do not withstand the stagnation of water that quickly lead to the onset of radical rottenness.
If the plant produces them, the multiplication of the Vriesea splendens can happen successfully by seed, much more often, however, the Bromelia plants propagate by detaching from the mother plant the shoots which develop beside the rosette of leaves; it is good to wait for these shoots to have a length of at least 15 cm. The new small plants are to be immediately repotted in single containers, containing a mixture of sand, peat and incoherent material.
Bromelia – Vriesea splendens: Parasites and diseases
Bromelia plants are often affected by red spiders and cochineal; if the watering is excessive, and the soil poorly draining can happen that the plant is affected by root rot. To eliminate the cochineal, if its presence is not excessive, it is possible to intervene with the use of a cloth with alcohol to be passed manually on the leaves. For the red spider it can be a good remedy to increase the ambient humidity.
The leaves of the plant are an excellent indicator of the health of the plant and of the fact that a good place of cultivation has been chosen; if they lose their mottling, it means that the plant is in an area that is too shady, if they fade, it means that there is too much light.
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