Brassada – Orchids – Brassada – Orchids

Generally there are few species of orchid available in nurseries, but these plants are present on earth with thousands of species and varieties, and fortunately fans every year tend to spread more and more, although not always these species are suitable even for beginners with the thumb not too green.

In the case of the Brassada, it is a hybrid between two species, the Brassia and the Ada, which has given rise to a fairly simple cultivation plant, which usually blooms even to newcomers to the cultivation of orchids.

There are only three species of brassada, namely Brassada Mivada, Brassada orange, and Brassada Mem Bert Field; the differences between the three species are found only in the colour of the flowers, which goes from an egg yolk yellow to a pale orange, and in the presence of more or less dark spots.

brassada

the plant

pianta di brassada This orchid is quite big, usually it does not exceed the 25-45 cm of height, but tends to produce always new pseudobulbs, if well cultivated, giving origin to real tufts of leaves; it produces fleshy pseudobulbs, from which develop long ribbon-like leaves, of a bright green colour, not too much leathery, erect or curved. The development of new leaves happens all over the year, rendering the plant decorative even when it is not in flower.

By the end of summer or in autumn, from the pseudobulbs, long reddish stems develop, usually turned downwards, or, however, curved, which will carry several orange or intense yellow flowers; from each pseudobulb can be produced also two floral stems; the flowers have the apexes of petals and much elongated sepals, to remind the long legs of a spider; at times, the brassada flowers blossom in inflorescences in the shape of a ball, very particular and decorative.

After it has bloomed, each single stem dries up; therefore, at the end of the flowering, we can cut down the thin stems at the base, because they will not germinate further.

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cultivation

BrassadaIt is a plant simple to cultivate, which usually bears well the life in apartment, in fact often tends to adapt also to climates not particularly suitable for the development of an orchid.

It loves the quite luminous positions, but not exposed to direct sunlight; if too close to a window, with strong sunlight, it often shows dark spots on the foliage; it is sufficient to remove the ruined leaves and place our brassada in a slightly less luminous place to solve the problem.

It is cultivated in a specific soil for epiphytic orchids, characterized by the presence of incoherent material, such as pieces of bark, crushed sphagnum peat, sometimes even polystyrene or pumice stone; in this substratum, the roots of the plant can develop freely, remaining in the air for most of the time.

The plants are repotted after flowering.

Watering should be regular, always waiting for the substratum to dry up slightly between one watering and the other; these orchids can occasionally withstand an excess of water or even a short period of drought; after flowering, usually leave the substratum dry for 2-3 weeks, and then start again with regular watering.

During flowering, the fertilizations are also suspended, which will be regular throughout the rest of the year, every 15.-20 days, using a specific fertilizer for orchids, or a universal fertilizer, but in a dose reduced to about a third of that recommended on the package.

As with other orchids, and I would also say for many other indoor plants, it often happens that the climate in the house is very dry, either because it is summer and the climate is very dry even outdoors, or because we have activated the air conditioning system or heating, which take from the environment a serious amount of moisture.

For most plants the artificial climate in the house is definitely too dry; to increase the humidity we can remember to vaporize demineralized water near our plants periodically, about a couple of times a day, or we can place the plants in a container that contains on the bottom a layer of several centimeters of expanded clay: keeping the clay always immersed in water for half of its thickness, we will obtain a rise in humidity, due to evaporation of water, while avoiding that the roots and the substrate of cultivation of the plant are constantly wet.

If we have many plants in the house we can also place near them a humidifier, to be kept in operation for a few hours a day. Of course, if we operate both the humidifier for the plants and the dehumidifier for the air conditioner at the same time, we complicate our lives on our own; if in our house in the summer the climate is hell we can move the plants outdoors, where we can also place the humidifier, or spray them frequently, without going to affect the work of the air conditioner.

Or we can move the plants to a little lived-in room of the house, where we can activate the humidifier, after having closed the door.

Brassada: Hybriding orchids

Brassada There are thousands of species of orchids, divided into genera, tribes and sub tribes; man, not satisfied with the countless shapes and colors that characterize these plants, over the years has produced countless new varieties, hybridizing between them orchids belonging to the same tribe or sub tribes.

As a matter of fact, hybridizing between them two species of orchids is relatively easy, and usually originates healthy, robust and fertile plants, with characteristics taken from the two or more progenitors hybridized between them.

For the orchids, the hybridization is so easy that often they have been hybridized between them also hybrids, giving origin to plant which have, between the ancestors, much more than two species of orchids; we get even 7-8 species hybridized between them progressively, in order to give origin to incredible flowering. In fact, it is quite strange that the lovers have hybridized so much the orchids, which offer specimens with amazing blooms even simply in the non-hybrid species.

But how does the hybridization happen? For a novice hobbyist, it is perhaps easier to hybridize violets or primroses; first of all, we proceed by separating the two plants we intend to hybridize, placing them, for instance, under a bag of gauze; this, in order to ensure that the insects or the wind do not come to ruin the game, shuffling, at will, the cards; then, with the use of a brush, we take the pollen from a flower and place it in the flower of the second plant and/or vice versa.

With primulas, and with many species of orchids, this operation is easily practicable because the male and female sexual organs contained in the flower are simultaneously ready for reproduction; in other plants this does not always happen, and therefore this operation involves several difficulties to be carried out. Once the pollen has been spread, the flower is covered with fine gauze so that it is not touched further.

After a few days or weeks we will have the fruits, and therefore the seeds; we will be able to sow them to see what we have obtained from the crossing, keeping only the plants which have given us more interesting results.

Orchidee

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