Among the many varieties that can be grown in the apartment, within the walls of the house, we find the begonia. The species of begonia cultivated in the apartment and in the garden are really numerous; all are native to the tropical areas of the globe, especially from South America. Given the large number of species that make up the genus begonia, it is usual to divide these beautiful plants into three large subgroups: the b. tuberose, fasciculate and b. rhizomatous root.
One of the varieties of begonia, is the b. tuberose. These are perennial plants, characterized by large tubers from which sprout medium-sized shrubs, with large colorful flowers, are plants that are generally grown in the garden, more rarely in the apartment.
The main characteristic of these plants is that they do not vegetate throughout the year, but, like many other tuberous plants, in autumn their foliage dries and the plant enters a period of vegetative rest, which lasts until the following spring. Then, when, in autumn, the foliage begins to yellow, the watering is suspended and, later on, the tubers are unearthed, in order to place them in a dark and cool, dry place, till the following year.
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These plants are suitable for the greenhouse and the garden, but also for the apartment, given the size that can be used as a garden….
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Collate and rhizomatous root Begonias
The fasciculated begonias can be perennial or annual, they are herbaceous plants, generally cultivated as annual, which are placed in the garden during the summer season, where they produce countless small flowers throughout the summer.
Rhizomatous root begonias appear as small evergreen shrubs, and are traditionally grown as indoor plants.
Cultivating begonias in apartments
All apartment species have a very fleshy and thick short stem, from which depart countless large heart-shaped leaves, often rough and fleshy too, brightly colored. The begonias flowers are quite particular: they are monoecious plants, i.e. male flowers and female flowers are present on the same plant, with male flowers generally larger and more striking than female ones. Let’s not be surprised, therefore, if our begonia produces flowers of different shapes.
Typically, rhizomatous begonias are cultivated at home for their showy foliage, with bright and particular colours, often with metallic areas, or pink or red; tuberous begonias cultivated in apartments, on the contrary, have very showy flowers and light green foliage.
These plants are easy to grow, they simply need a high ambient humidity, always remembering that they come from rain forests, so let’s water regularly, trying to keep the soil slightly moist throughout the year, insist with watering especially during the warmer months. We also remember to keep the ambient humidity high, placing the begonias pots in trays always containing a little water, but with the pots raised by it thanks to gravel or expanded clay.
From March to October we provide fertiliser for green or flowering plants, depending on the begonia we are growing.
We remember to constantly take care of our begonia, because the positioning in an excessively hot or sunny place, and also the drought, can quickly make the whole foliage sag: a good watering and the positioning in a cool place generally allows to return to shine our plant.
We always remove damaged or dried foliage, so that it is not a vehicle for disease.
Begonia varieties: The most common species
Among the apartment varieties, the most commonly grown begonia is Begonia rex; it is a species with rough foliage and rough surface, with very large leaves, which form a small tuft, the color of the foliage is varied, but often the leaves of this begonia have areas of intense color, pink, red, orange, very decorative.
Very present in the apartment is also the begonia tamaja, with elongated, fleshy leaves and small pink flowers, with a fragile and delicate appearance.
- The begonia rex belonging to the family Begoniaceae is native to the Himalayan regions. It is a d
visits : begonia rex