Genus to which belong some tens of species of climbing plants, native to Australia, and the tropical areas of Asia; to this genus belonged also some succulent species, caudiciform, now separated in the genus Cyphostemma. The most common ones are Cissus antarctica, native to Australia, with thin leaves and green stems, provided with tendrils; and C. rhombifolia, with wide glossy leaves, pubescent and white in the lower page, the brown stems covered by a thin white down.
Usually, these species of Cisso are cultivated as prostrate plants, allowing the long stems to fall from hanging baskets. In spring, the plants of Cissus antarctica produce small greenish-white flowers, of little decorative value, followed by small round fruits grouped in clusters.
The Australian vine specimens, another name of the Cisso, are cultivated in luminous position, but far away from the direct rays of the sun; it is also possible to keep the Cissus antarctica in a semi-shaded or shaded location. Most of the species do not like the cold and need winter temperatures over the 10°C. The ideal temperature for the luxuriant growth of the Australian vine plants is around the 22 °C.
Water regularly throughout the year, acting regularly in the summer; between one watering and the other it is advisable to let the soil dry. During the winter, watering must be reduced, intervening only when the soil has dried up and always avoiding the formation of water stagnations that can easily lead to the formation of water stagnations.
Every 20-25 days provide fertilizer for green plants, mixed with water of watering.
The multiplication of the Cisso plants takes place by cutting in spring or late summer; the cuttings of Cissus antarctica root very quickly; they are to be placed in a compound of peat and sand and placed in a protected and sheltered place, where the temperature is mild and constant. When the first shoots appear, it is possible to transplant each cutting in a single pot, placing the pots in a shaded place.
The Australian vine specimens prefer loose and soft soils, rich in organic matter, well drained, in order to avoid the onset of radical rottenness.
It is good to proceed with repotting annually, as this type of plant grows very quickly and the root system may be forced into a pot too small. Use soil mixed with peat and sand to form the ideal substrate.
Australian vine, Cisso – Cissus antarctica: Parasites and diseases
It is sporadically attacked by the red spider and scale insects. If you notice their presence, you can intervene with special insecticide products, or, in the case of cochineal, if the presence is reduced, intervening manually with a cloth or a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. For the red spider it may be sufficient to increase the amount of moisture in the air with vaporization of water.
The life cycle of the plant is quite short, about 6 or 7 years.
Watch the Video