Also called Australian vines, in effect, the cissus belong to the same family of the vine; the most cultivated in apartment, cissus antartica, comes, rightly, from Australia, the other species are spread also in Asia and in Africa. They are climbing plants, of tropical and subtropical origin, long utilized as indoor plants.
They have big shiny and healthy leaves, carried by fickle and thin stems, usually of dark colour; at the foliar axil develop long tendrils, which allow the plant to attach to racks and braces, for climbing it. In effect, in apartment, however, these plants are more spent utilized in hanging baskets, leaving them to fall back, more rarely in the pot is placed a moss-covered guardian, like the one utilized for the pothos.
In the wild, these plants reach many metres of length of the branches; in pot, they keep more compact. Rarely in the house do they produce small, not very decorative, flowers, followed by dark berries.
How they are grown
Like most indoor plants, also the cissus are easy to cultivate; they live very well in not too large containers, with a universal soil bon mixed with a small amount of coarse-grained pumice stone, to increase drainage. Every year, in autumn, we will change all the soil contained in the pot with a fresh substratum, in order to allow the plant to always find the mineral salts it needs.
During the spring and summer period, they water regularly, keeping the soil mainly humid; during the cold months, on the contrary, the watering will be only sporadic, avoiding to leave the substratum dry for an excessively long period of time. Also the fertilizer will be administered only from March to September, avoiding winter fertilization; let’s use a fertilizer to be mixed every 10-12 days with the water of the watering, specific for green plants.
- A genus to which belong a few dozen species of climbing plants, native to Australia, and the tropical areas of Asia; to this genus belonged also some succulent species, caudi…
- The Cissus discolor is an evergreen climber, native to South Asia and Australia; in the wild it can reach a height of 2-3 metres, while specimens grown in pots should be kept in a cool place.
Let’s position our Australian vine in a bright place, but not directly exposed to the sun; these plants love an average humid climate and well ventilated places. They are not too afraid of the cold weather, they can bear minimum temperatures even reaching 7-8°C, therefore they can be placed in a stairwell or in a poorly heated area of the house.
For a plant that is always luxuriant and compact, it is convenient, in autumn, to prune all the branches significantly, shortening them by about a third; in this way the plant will be stimulated to produce new branches and foliage in the lower part, assuming a roundish appearance.
Australian vine – Cissus: The “secrets” of Australian vine
The Australian vine has always belonged to the traditional pharmacopoeia of the Australian aborigines; only recently, also the western medicine has rediscovered the properties of this plant, which is utilized for balms and tablets, useful in case of bony arthritis, problems to the ligaments and fractures; it is utilized in particular by those who practice sports assiduously, in the various cases of contusions, distortions, tendinitis.
In addition to cissus similar to small vines, there are species of succulent and caudiciform cissus, originating in Africa and South America, only in recent years these plants have been “discovered” by fans of succulents.
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- Generate to which apparel some of the specia di specia di rampicanti, originarie dell’origarie dell’Australia, et delle zone tropical
visita : cissus