Aspasia is an epiphytic orchid native to South America, particularly Brazil. It has fleshy, light green leaves, with rounded curved apex, narrow and long; in late spring and summer it produces large solitary flowers, delicately scented, white-greenish, with white labellum, often pointed to purple or brown. The flowering is quite long because each plant produces more than one flower, also usually form numerous basal suckers, which give rise to large heads of plants nearby.
This type of orchid is usually grown in pots, as it needs rather mild temperatures to grow. It can be placed outdoors in areas where the winter does not have a too cold climate.
These orchids are native to the undergrowth of the Amazonian forest, therefore they prefer luminous positions, but far from the sun rays, partially shaded, as the direct sun rays, especially in the warm days, can cause dangerous burns to the foliar apparatus; when the climate is mild, the Aspasia can be taken outside, in a shaded and very well aerated place.
With the first cold temperatures, they should be taken away from the home or temperate greenhouse, taking care to keep them away from heat sources, in a humid environment and with good air exchange.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
These orchids originate from the undergrowth of the Amazonian forest, so they prefer luminous positions, but far from the sun’s rays, partially shaded; when the climate is mild, they can be taken outside, in a shaded and very well ventilated place. With the first cold, they are to be taken away in the house or in a temperate greenhouse, taking care to keep them away from heat sources, in a humid environment and with a good exchange of air.
This type of orchid is an epiphytic plant, its roots in nature grow leaning against other plants, so they need a light and draining substrate.
Cultivate aspasia in a compound consisting of crushed bark, sphagnum and clay, or other incoherent material. Maintain a very high drainage, as the roots of the orchids do not withstand stagnation of water that can quickly ruin them.
This plant must be repotted when the roots have now occupied the entire pot and when the substrate begins to lose its characteristics, as the materials used undergo a process of degradation. In order to avoid ruining the roots, which are rather fragile, it is good, before repotting the plant, to wet the roots.
To obtain new examples of orchids, at the beginning of spring or at the end of flowering, it is possible to divide the heads, taking care to leave a well-developed root in each portion, to encourage the rapid and vigorous development of the new plant.
The new heads must be placed in a substrate suitable for orchids, composed of bark, sphagnum or expanded clay.
Aspasia: Pests and diseases
These plants are easily affected by radical rottenness. To avoid the problem, check that the substratum is adequate and intervene with regular watering but making sure that the soil is not soaked. Often the cochineals ruin the flower buds, nesting also at the intersection of the leaves. To eliminate the problem of the cochineal, if it is not diffused, it is possible to intervene manually with the use of a cloth with alcohol to pass on the leaves.