The anthuriums are among the most cultivated dishes in the apartment, they belong to the family of the araceae, such as the common white garden callae; the similarities between the two genera are very clear in the flowers, or better in the inflorescences: as it happens for the callae, also the anthurium produces a thin fleshy stem, which carries a panicle-like inflorescence, formed by small leaning flowers, called spadix; under the inflorescence is present a sort of big bract, called spathe, formed by a transformed leaf, brightly coloured.
The most widespread species of anthurium in cultivation in Italy, is anthurium andraeanum, characterized by big glossy leaves, heart-shaped, carried by long flexible petioles, usually arched, and bright red inflorescences. In the nursery, however, we can find many varieties of anthurium, with white, pink, orange, purple, cream spathe.
The anturias have contained dimensions, usually do not exceed the 50-60 cm of height, and need small pots, for this reason they are very suitable also in small apartments.
In the last years, in nursery, we begin to find also another species of anthurium, anthurium crystallinum, characterized by big leaves with a velvety upper page, heart-shaped, with dark green foliage, and seen if white veins, very characteristic and pleasant, as the leaves are much more decorative than those of the commonly cultivated anthurium, which is, on the contrary, particularly appreciated for the flowers.
Cultivating the anturium
The Anthurium andraeanum is quite simple to grow, but to get a very long flowering and a healthy and lush plant you need to take some care, or we will get a bread of roots that carries very few leaves and no flowers. The anthurium are native to South America, accustomed in nature to a decidedly tropical climate, characterized by high temperatures and a constant good humidity in the air.
In the apartment we have no problem to ensure our anturium andraeanum a climate warm enough, throughout the year, since in spring and summer we think the weather outside to ensure the heat, while in autumn and winter, about 20 ° C are usually present in our homes, a little more difficult to keep the air always humid, as the hot Italian seasons are characterized by a very dry air, while in winter we think the heating system to dry the air.
For this reason, it is always advisable to place the anturium andreanum in a large pot holder, on the bottom of which we will place pebbles, or colored sand, so you can keep a few inches of water, but never reach the pot, in this way we will increase the amount of water in the air around the plant. To increase it further, it is advisable to spray the canopy frequently; it is also important to keep the plant away from direct heat sources and air currents.
They prefer fairly bright positions, but love to be directly exposed to direct sunlight, which can quickly ruin the foliage.
- I have had an anturium for a year, considering that the roots were coming out of the pot and the leaves were yellowing, they told me to repot it, and now there is a white patina, like mold, at the bottom of the pot….
- Every how many days s’ waters the flower of apartment: anturium, the direct sun hurts?…
- The life of the flowers can be “extended”, so to speak, thanks to the use of drying techniques, which allow the conservation of plants and flowers for a long period of time. The beauty …
- The alpinia zerumbet or purpurata is an evergreen tropical plant, native to Central and South America and Asia. It forms a dense and compact head of elongated, pointed, very-green leaves.
Soil and watering
The pot is usually quite small, because the anturium andraeanum produce a semi-epiphytic root system, and therefore the roots tend to develop outside the pot, without any problem; the soil will be similar to that of the orchids, mixed also with little universal soil; therefore we can prepare an ideal soil by mixing little soil with small pieces of peat, small pieces of bark or of polystyrene, in way to get a little cohesive, light and porous material.
The anturiums love a constant humidity also of the soil, therefore they are to be watered regularly, but utilizing small quantities of water; it is better to keep the substratum of cultivation humid, and not soaked in water, avoiding that it remains dry for long time. It therefore waters every two or three days, avoiding to water if the soil is still humid, and intensifying the watering during the warmest periods of the year, when the plant tends to develop more.
Anturiums tend to bloom in late spring or summer, but if they find a sufficiently hot and humid climate they tend to bloom constantly throughout the year; when the flowers wither, it is best to remove the stem that carried them, cutting it off at the base near the roots. In order to always have a luxuriant plant, it is good, from March to September, to furnish a good fertilizer, at least every 12-15 days, mixed with the water of the watering.
Pests and diseases
Usually, the scalpel tends not to be attacked by parasites, unless our cultural care is lacking in some way, so the best pesticide is always the correct crop care, which allows us not to have to use chemicals on our plants.
Excessive watering, which causes the soil to be always wet, soaked in water, often leads to the rapid development of harmful root or collar rottenness, which manifests itself with the showy yellowing of the foliage, concomitant with the presence of soft vegetation, and of falling stems.
Plants cultivated in an excessively dry climate, and in poorly ventilated areas, are often hit by cochineals or by mites, which tend to ruin the leaves, producing showy yellowish dots, or discolouration of the foliage.
Anturio – Anthurium andraeanum: Spring and houseplants
When spring arrives, we often get carried away with enthusiasm, and we immediately dedicate ourselves to setting up the terrace for the summer, or to the first works in the garden, forgetting our apartment plants. In reality, for them too, it is the moment of greatest splendour and vegetation, and therefore also these plants need, in spring, to be cared for in the best way.
As soon as the nightly minimum temperatures rise above 15-20°C, it is advisable, if possible, to move our indoor plants outdoors, so that they enjoy a more natural climate, compared to what they receive at home.
Before taking them out, however, it is a good idea to clean them of dust and residues that tend to settle on the leaves; let’s arm ourselves with a nice cloth in damp microfiber (if you like, dipped in milk) and clean well the leaves of ficus, anturi, spatifilli, potos.
Spring is also the best time for repotting, so if our anthurium is quite enlarged, producing roots even outside the pot, or if it is in the same pot for more than two years, let’s prepare a slightly larger container than the previous one, and let’s move it setting also all, the soil, replacing it with a new and fresh compound.
- Ich habe eine schöne Anthuriumpflanze als Geschenk erhalten, aber vor ein paar Tagen habe ich gesehen, dass die Ränder einiger der Blätter am Rand waren.
- Die Anthurie ist eine sehr berühmte und weit verbreitete Pflanze, die wegen ihres Blattwerks und ihrer sehr schönen Blüten sehr geschätzt wird.
besuche: anthurium andraeanum