The genus anacamptis counted about twenty species of terrestrial orchids, now enclosed in the genus orchis; to the genus anacamptis belongs only one species A. pyramidalis. It is a herbaceous orchid, terricolous, without pseudobulbs, diffused in Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean area, and in Central Asia.
It develops small tufts similar to grass, formed by linear or lanceolate leaves, of a bright green colour, with showy central vein; in spring, between the leaves, stands a thin stem, rigid, 20-50 cm tall, which, placed at the top, a big pyramidal panicle of flowers. The stem has some triangular bracts, sharp and rigid, of green colour or, at times, reddish or violet.
The flowers are small, pink, purple or white, delicately perfumed, characterized by the three lower sepals united to form an ample trilobed labellum; the flowers bloom in succession, starting from the lower part of the panicle, and the blooming lasts some weeks; each single head of leaves has some floral stems. It is a fairly widespread plant also in Italy, especially in the middle of the hills or on the slopes of the mountains, on the arid and sunny pastures.
When you want to grow a plant, it is very important to choose the ideal position to be able to grow it at its best. Each species has certain cultivation needs and for this reason it is best to pay attention to the direct exposure of the sun’s rays, to the wind, to the frost and to the specific atmospheric conditions of the place where you are.
The Ancamptis pyramidalis prefers very sunny locations, for this reason it is best to avoid shade or even half shade; it is not afraid of the cold and in winter it can bear intense and long-lasting frosts, which sometimes cause the aerial part to disappear completely. The specimens grown in pots can be placed in slight shade during the hottest months of the year.
The Ancamptis pyramidali bear very well the drought, even if it is the case to water slightly in case of drought, especially during the hottest season of the year, the summer. The soil is the main source of livelihood for our plants. For this reason, the choice of soil must be made on the basis of the specific needs of our Ancamptis pyramidalis. These prefer arid, stony and very well drained soils; they preferably develop on calcareous soils.
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The multiplication takes place by seed, during the spring season; it is also possible to divide the heads of leaves, taking care to maintain for each portion practiced a good root system.
Ancamptis pyramidalis: Pests and diseases
Usually these plants are not attacked by parasites or affected by diseases although occasionally it may happen that aphids colonize the flower stem damaging the plant in a limited or total way. To eliminate the problem in a natural way, you can manually remove the pests using a cotton ball, better use gloves. In extreme cases, cut the affected part, but only if the part damaged by aphids is rather small.